The most common Czech surnames are Novák (“Newman”), Svoboda (“Freeman,” literally “Freedom”), Novotný (same origin as Novák), Dvořák (from dvůr, “court”) and Černý (“Black”).
What are bohemian last names?
Most common Czech surnames
- Novák – Nováková
- Svoboda – Svobodová
- Novotný – Novotná
- Dvořák – Dvořáková
- Černý – Černá
- Procházka – Procházková
- Kučera and Kučerová
- Veselý – Veselá
Why do Czechs have German names?
Because: There was a significant German minority in the Czech lands (mainly in the Sudetes). Czechia had been a member of the Holy Roman Empire* or under the rule of German-speaking countries (Austro-Hungarian Empire and fascist Germany) for over 900 years. That’s a long time for people to spread their surnames.
Why do Czech names end in CEK?
Sedláček is a diminutive from Sedlák (also a surname) which means a farmer. The naive rule would produce “sedlákek” but “kek” doesn’t sound Czech and this ending has always been softened to “-ček”.
Why do Czech surnames end in ova?
In Czech and other Slavic languages, the suffix “ova” is added to the last names of all females. It’s an ending long-ingrained in the vernacular that quite literally means “belonging to” the male, as in belonging to a woman’s father or husband. (In English, “ova” is plural for “ovum,” a female egg cell.)
Do Czech use middle names?
The use of middle names or patronymics isn’t practiced in the Czech Republic. Most forms only have sections for first and last names, so for paperwork purposes, the advice is usually to include the middle name in the first name section, or to exclude it altogether.
What race is Czechoslovakia?
About 64% of people in Czechoslovakia identify as being ethnically Czech. The Czech people speak the Czech language, a Slavic language, and can trace their ethnic heritage back to the region of their republic historically called Bohemia.
What is the most common Czech name?
Today, Eliška is the most popular name among women. Tereza, Adéla, Anna, and Natálie round out the top 5. For men, Honza has finally been usurped. In the current decade, Jakub is the most popular male name, followed by Jan, Tomáš, Adam, and Matyáš.
Where does the surname Czech come from?
Czech Surname Definition:
(German) One who came from Bohemia (home of the Boii).
What is language of Czech Republic?
In the Czech language, the ending “-ova” is added to the majority of surnames for women, so Mr Novak’s daughter becomes Ms Novakova. Women have only been able to drop the “-ova” ending in limited circumstances, such as if they have foreign nationality or live with a foreigner. The senate will now vote on the change.
What nationality are names ending in off?
The suffix -off comes from the French transliteration of -ov, based on the Muscovite pronunciation. Example: Petrović means Petr’s son. In Russia, where patronyms are used, a person may have two -(ov)ich names in a row; first the patronym, then the family name (see Shostakovich).
What does ski mean in Polish?
Names derived from places usually ended in -ski, meaning “of”, and were reserved for nobility. In the 13th century, however, it became fashionable to adopt a -ski name, making it one of the most identifiable traits of Polish last names.
What is a Russian surname?
The Top 40 Russian Surnames and Meanings
|Surname in English||Meaning||Details and Variations|
|Smirnov||from смирный – peaceful, quiet, calm||female: Smirnova|
|Petrov||son of Pyotr||female: Petrova|
|Sidorov||son of Sidor||female: Sidorova|
|Kuznetsov||from кузнец – blacksmith||female: Kuznetsova|
Why do Russian girls names end in A?
In Russian, not only is the ‘ah’ sound feminine, it is the only feminine sound. Russians want their girls to have names that sound female, so they cluster around ending ‘ah’ sounds. (Note for clarity: some nouns in Russian can in fact be gender-neutral, I just skipped over that because it distracted from the answer.)
What does Kova mean?
tough, hard (demanding a lot of effort to endure) strong, hard, heavy, severe (having a high impact or influence, often translated as the adverb very in translating an accompanying noun as an adjective) Minulla on kova jano.