Conflict was precipitated by two factors: Matthias, already aging and without children, made his cousin Ferdinand of Styria his heir and had him elected king in 1617. Ferdinand was a proponent of the Catholic Counter-Reformation and not likely to be well-disposed to Protestantism or Bohemian freedoms.
What caused the Defenestration of Prague?
PRAGUE, DEFENESTRATION OF.
The first Defenestration of Prague occurred on 30 July 1419, when radical Hussites, in an action to free several Utraquists imprisoned by the magistrates, killed seven city councillors by throwing them out of the window of the New Town Hall and into the midst of an angry Hussite mob.
What started the 30 Years War Defenestration?
Defenestration of Prague, (May 23, 1618), incident of Bohemian resistance to Habsburg authority that preceded the beginning of the Thirty Years’ War.
How did they survive the Defenestration of Prague?
Amazingly, all three survived the fall. Rather ignominiously, they survived by landing on a dung heap. Fabricius left Prague and fled for Vienna, where he told the emperor what had happened. Later, he was given the appropriate title of von Hohenfall, which means “of Highfall”.
When was Defenestration first used?
Defenestration (from Modern Latin fenestra) is the act of throwing someone or something out of a window. The term was coined around the time of an incident in Prague Castle in the year 1618 which became the spark that started the Thirty Years’ War.
What was the Defenestration of Prague where and why did it happen quizlet?
The Defenestration of Prague happened in Bohemia in May 1619 when the Protestant nobles of Bohemia threw two Habsburg governors and a secretary out of a window in the royal castle in Prague.
How did Ferdinand II respond to the Defenestration of Prague?
Defenestration of Prague
But after Ferdinand’s decree on religion, the Bohemian nobility in present-day Austria and the Czech Republic rejected Ferdinand II and showed their displeasure by throwing his representatives out of a window at Prague Castle in 1618.
Which phase of the 30 Years War included the Defenestration of Prague and Battle of White Mountain?
The Bohemian Phase
The conflict started with the Defenestration of Prague, in which two emissaries of the Holy Roman Emperor were thrown out of a window.
Who died in the defenestration of Prague?
King Wenceslaus IV of Bohemia actually died from shock at the news and the defenestration led to the Hussite Wars between Bohemia’s Hussites and the Empire’s Catholics which lasted twenty-five years.
What is the act of defenestration?
These days defenestration—from the Latin fenestra, meaning “window”—is often used to describe the forceful removal of someone from public office or from some other advantageous position. History’s most famous defenestration, however, was one in which the tossing out the window was quite literal.
Who won the thirty year war?
The war finally ended with the Peace of Westphalia in 1648. Austria was defeated, and its hopes for control over a Catholic Europe came to nothing. The Peace of Westphalia set the religious and political boundaries for Europe for the next two centuries. There are four points to remember about the Peace of Westphalia.
How many Defenestrations of Prague have there been?
The act of defenestration is, in fact, designed to settle an argument by tossing an opponent out a window and the New York Times author might be forgiven his prejudice given the fact that there are three acknowledged Defenestrations of Prague (1419, 1618, and 1948).
Where is Bohemia located?
|Location of Bohemia in the European Union|